White Mountains Online

Jacques Marsh:


A Created Wetland in Northeastern Arizona

Operation and Monitoring

The effluent produced by the Pinetop-Lakeside Sanitary District's treatment plant has the following characteristics:


Mo. Avg.


2-3 mg/l

2.4 mg/l

1-13 mg/l
2.1-5.4 ntu

6.4 mg/l
3.6 ntu
Aerial View of treatment facility.

The treated wastewater is provided to a combination of the 7 ponds each year in accordance with the habitat management plan. Waterfowl habitat needs and plant requirements are the primary factors affecting management of the ponds and marsh.

Total N

Total P

Pond 1
Pond 2

As water proceeds from one pond to another in the marsh, nitrogen and phosphorus are removed from the water. These nutrients are taken up by plants and animals and contribute to the overall productivity of the marsh. The following (table) summarizes the removal rates for nitrogen and phosphorus for the months of February, March, April and May 1991:

In addition to monitoring surface water quality, the Pinetop-Lakeside Sanitary District samples 3 shallow wells on a quarterly basis to insure groundwater quality is not being impacted.

Learn more about Jacques Marsh ~ Response & Acknowledgments

For more information, please feel free to contact the USDA Forest Service, Lakeside Ranger District at 928.368.5111 or you may write us at 2022 W. White Mtn. Blvd., Pinetop-Lakeside, Arizona 85935

White Mountains Online wishes to express our appreciation to the USDA Forest Service, Lakeside District for providing this information! This and other articles may be found in print media entitled:

Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment and Wildlife Habitat
United States Environmental Protection Agency
September 1993

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